Important new articles, reports, and videos on the LIBRARY page.

Click on the red button to visit the page and see the new information. 
OEPA to meet with Coshocton County Citizens
A draft of the Buckeye Brine Permit will be presented
with opportunity for questions and comments.

From the OEPA website:

 Buckeye Brine Draft  Permit-to-Operate  

Thursday - October 18, 2018

6:00 PM

Coshocton High School

1205 Cambridge Road

Coshocton, OH 43812

Presented by OEPA Division of Drinking and Ground Waters

Click The red text below to see the
a copy of the permit the OEPA has
drafted that will let Buckeye Brine inject
Class 1 Waste in Coshocton County.
Buckey Brine permit.pdf Buckey Brine permit.pdf
Size : 27172.336 Kb
Type : pdf
The OhioEPA will be holding a Public Comment Meeting about the injection well permits in our county October 18. The citizens of our county will have the opportunity to ask questions and make comments about the proposed well conversions.

 CECA is now planning a workshop to give people information about the process and help them to understand what the OEPA will be considering in their decision to grant or deny the permits.  Teresa Mills from The Center for Health, Environment, and Justice will be presenting the workshop. 
Click the red button to leave your contact information if you would like to attend. We will notify you about the OEPA Meeting and the workshop. 
Volunteers Needed For Upcoming Events Show your shirts.
We are approaching crunch time and our 100%+ effort is needed. We must remain visible and continue to inform and mobilize our community.
Saturday Oct. 6th.
Adopt-a-highway clean up gives us a great opportunity to be visible and demonstrate our approach to valuing our environment. The two mile stretch of US 36 from the Rt. 16 intersection heading to Warsaw is the section CECA does. We will meet across from A-1 Veterinary near to Scheetz gas station on SR 36. Look for our signs. We can work as long as we decide, wearing our t-shirts, clean the road and be visible. We will have a high visibility demonstration following the cleanup. We can do the cleanup about 9:00-10:30, then move over to Airport Rd. to be on the four corners, with signs and banners and demonstrate between 11-12:30 or 1:00. Glendon Mullett is allowing us to place a 4x8 banner at the corner on his property.
Monday Oct. 15th
Commissioners Meeting - 9 AM
We want bodies, if you want to speak let me know so that we can make sure we all get on the agenda.
Reply asap to:
Tim Kettler
740-824-4748 office
We can not relent. This is our opportunity to do something good for our community
Attention: Letter writers
Handwritten Letter Festival

Coshocton Public Library

Small Meeting Room

Time and Date to be announced

Bring your favorite writing pen. The goal is for each of us to write at least one handwritten letter to a legislator which focuses on a single area of concern. Paper, stamps, and envelopes provided.


Since January CECA has had to focus on a direct threat to our local environment by a proposal to dump even more waste into our community. This is nothing new. For too long  the citizens of Coshocton have been dominated by political and economic forces that regard the transporting, storage, processing, and disposing of radioactive chemical waste in our county as just another business enterprise.  All of our efforts have been directed toward opposing the permit process that would expand this policy and enable it to continue. But our mission is broader than this.

We have taken on a community service obligation to clear trash from a gateway portion of SR 36 that leads to Coshocton’s tourist and recreation areas. In a few months we will be looking for funding and begin planning for Coshocton Earth Day, our annual cultural and educational event that promotes our common humanity and the home we share with each other and all living things on our planet.

We are working to build a lasting institution that will promote sustainable lifestyles and a society powered by renewable energy. We owe it to our children to develop and deliver environmental and social justice to one another. We have an ambitious vision of the common good that can be shared by all. Let’s build it together. Join CECA.

Click button to join CECA
Examining some Class 1 Well Problems in Ohio
Click on the Red Text Above to Read
CECA Resolution and Signature Page
CECA resolution For VOLUNTEERS (1 pg).pdf CECA resolution For VOLUNTEERS (1 pg).pdf
Size : 374.045 Kb
Type : pdf
Need volunteers to get
signatures for the Resolution

We are looking for people who can get signatures for the resolution that will be be presented to the OEPA at the community meeting that will be held sometime in the future. You can click on the file below to see the document on your browser. You should be able to print it if you can open PDF documents, (Adobe Acrobat and similar programs) or download the document to your computer. Please try to print the signature sheet on the backside of the resolution so they are part of the same page. If you don't have a duplex feature on your printer you may have to print the first side then flip the paper over and run it through to print the back side.
Click on the Text "CECA resolution for VOLUNTEERS"
next to the icon on the right
CECA resolution For VOLUNTEERS (1 pg).pdf CECA resolution For VOLUNTEERS (1 pg).pdf
Size : 380.543 Kb
Type : pdf
Mail completed forms to CECA, PO Box 295, Warsaw, OH 43844
 Contaminated Water

We have heard disturbing reports of water well problems that have developed around the injection wells on Airport Road. We hope this is not the case but we must find out if this is true before the OEPA meeting.
If you have information about a drinking water source that  may have evidence of oils, chemicals or odors that did not appear before 2012 please contact us by clicking this button -
  List of Concerns Updated
As we learn more about the issue our concerns can change. Please update your list of concerns to reflect the latest thinking and contact us if you have heard or seen something about the proposed well conversions that you are concerned about.

CECA has concerns over proposed changes to the waste disposal operations involving the three waste injection wells on Airport Road:

·       Buckeye Brine is applying to the Ohio EPA to convert two Class 2 Waste Wells to Class1 Waste Wells. Converting injection wells to dispose of a different class of waste has never been permitted before. It means that a new class of chemicals is going to be mixed into a site that has already accepted over a half-billion gallons of Class 2 chemical waste.

·       If the permit is allowed the new Class 1 wells will be injecting into the same site with an existing active Class 2 well. This will set up a continual mixing of different classes of chemical waste. 

·       The operators of Buckeye Brine were formerly officers and owners of Gibraltar Chemical in Winona, Texas. According to a letter from Winona resident, Phyllis Glasser, the company had a number of toxic gas releases from its facilities due to mixing chemical wastes that reacted and spread corrosive clouds across the community damaging the health of many residents. The gas releases continued until government regulators intervened.  Her account of their history and behavior is corroborated by the article Chemical Warrior, published on September 10, 1998 by Ann Zimmerman in the Dallas Observer. 

·       There are 27 oil and gas wells in the Area of Review that are deep enough to be affected by migration of injected fluids.(The Area of Review is a circular 2 miles radius area around the well designated in the permit application that that must meet OEPA site regulations for an injection well.)     

·       The Coshocton City well fields are shallow water wells that are within the Area of Review, and supply the residents of Coshocton with drinking water.

·       The waste industry gained a foothold in Ohio through the ill-considered policy of allowing our state to be the major disposal site for fracking and gas extraction waste in Utica and Marcellus shale region. Neighboring states generated and exported billions of gallons of fracking waste to Ohio but prohibited the import and disposal of waste in their own communities. There are currently 238 injection wells in Ohio, 7 of which are in Coshocton County and the well operators are looking for new waste streams now that the bloom is off the rose in the gas fields. If the OEPA begins permitting them to operate Class1 wells Ohio could be accepting larger volumes and a greater variety of waste from a wide array of waste generators from anywhere in the nation. 

·       If the permit is allowed it will set a precedent that could be national in scope. Buckeye Brine is making modifications to a Class 2 well while claiming it was built to Class 1 standards.

·       If the permit is allowed Buckeye Brine will be able to use its status as a Class 1 well to apply to the OEPA for a No Migration Petition. This would allow the injection of yet another class of waste – Class 1 Hazardous; (Hazardous = proximity danger, dangerous even in storage, increased danger of mortality, poison on contact.)

·       Flowback water is the liquid that comes out of a shale gas well right after the well has been fracked. It is loaded with high concentrations of slickwater chemicals. These are chemicals that lubricate and reduce the viscosity of the water so that it will not generate friction and lose the force needed to fracture the shale as it is driven through miles of underground pipe. It is engineered to migrate and is loaded with toxic compounds. Because of a loophole in the 2005 Energy Act  this dangerous waste is permitted to be injected into both Class 2 and Class 1 wells and can be mixed with all of the other chemicals that will be injected under our aquifers.

Must See Videos
Reports on the record of the Class 1 Well operations in Winona, Texas by Gibraltar Chemical Resources, a company
run during the 1990's by the owners and operators of Buckeye Brine.
The Fight for
Local  Community Control
Environmentalists raise alarms over proposed billion dollar Asian petrochemical complex along the Ohio River. Politicians involved will reap huge profits.
Food and Water Watch Report on
Fracking Waste Water used to irrigate our food crops.

*Update (Scroll Down to Terry's Letter) 
CECA challenges unregulated oil and  wastewater use for road treatment in testimony before
Ohio House of Representatives.

Testimony to The Ohio House of Representatives     
January 30, 2018

Testimony by:
Tim Kettler
Warsaw, Ohio 43844

Testimony given before:
Ohio House Resource Committee
Rep. Al Landis Chairman
Rep. Christine Hagan Vice Chair
Rep. Michael O’Brien Ranking Member
Committee Persons: Mr. Antani, Mr. Boccieri, Ms. Cyde, Mr. Edwards,
Mr. Leland, Mr. Schaffer, Mr. Stein, Mr. Thompson, Mr. Wiggam

Ohio House Bill 393

Good Afternoon Mr. Chairman, thank you for this opportunity to enter testimony on sub HB 393 concerning the impact of this legislation to allow the sale of oil and gas wastewater as a marketable commodity.

My name is Tim Kettler and I am testifying as a board member of Coshocton Environmental and Community Awareness Inc. (CECA), a non-profit Coshocton County environmental advocacy and education organization.  I am a resident of Monroe Township, Coshocton County where I have been a property owner for the past 32 years.  I am an Ohio EPA Certified Wastewater Operator and have been in business in the wastewater handling and treatment field for 32 years serving residential, commercial and industrial clients. Because of my professional and community activities, I have the daily opportunity to speak with residents and homeowners, friends and family from around the state about environmental issues.  The most common feedback I hear is that folks generally don’t know anything about the issue of “brine” spreading nor do they understand the impacts of this undesirable disposal practice and the potential and immediate health and safety risks.

The geology and soil structure of Coshocton County is like that of many rural Ohio counties in that it is problematic for domestic wastewater treatment systems and much of our approach to recognizing and resolving these treatment and disposal issues also apply to the surface disposal of oil and gas wastewater. As you may know Household Sewage Treatment Systems (HSTS) are recognized as Class V injection wells,and present a real challenge as these injection wells generally discharge partially treated and treated effluent above the deepest most Underground Source of Drinking Water (USDW) and in fact, above the uppermost Underground Source of Drinking Water. We must control these discharges to ensure that the treated and partially treated effluents do not short circuit the treatment process and dangerously find their way into our fresh water resources many of which are springs, ponds, artesian wells and old, shallow, hand-dug and drilled water wells. Coshocton County is subject to seasonally high ground water tables as well as permeable rock and shallow bed rock with major fissures, all of which are limiting conditions when considering surface disposal of any wastewater including oil and gas wastewater.  Many of the county’s rural residents, including my family utilize surface water for their water supply. We also live on a dirt road, built on exposed bed rock with major fissures and the township does not spread oil and gas wastewater along our property frontage at our request. The Ohio Department of Health (ODH), The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA) and Local Health Departments (LHD) have instituted stringent regulations to deal with HSTS treatment and disposal problems on a case by case basis. The casual and indiscriminate application of oil and gas wastewater from potentially unknown sources, made up of unknown constituents, with little control over migration and applied directly to problematic surfaces flies in the face of the progress already made and the need for future protections to safeguard fresh water resources from any type of surface contamination. This contamination becomes more likely as surface applications are encouraged to increase, driven by a marketed commodity designed to create and increase a potential profit to the dumpers.

Concern about surface application of oil and gas wastewater is not directed solely to applications on problematic surfaces. As with deep well injection, municipal wastewater treatment, industrial pre-treatment or future treatment and disposal methods a major concern is migration from containment. Oil and gas wastewater whether used to mitigate dust or as a de-icer has the potential for vast and wide spread migration and unavoidably or incidentally become a threat to fresh water resources. When it is spread on a dirt surface it will ultimately be carried away as run-off, dust in the air or on vehicles. When spread on hard surfaces direct run-off potential increases. Spread over and along water courses, culverts, storm ditches, catch basins and sewers run-off is concentrated in systems designed to collect and direct the surface flows to the Waters of the State of Ohio. We find this an unreasonable and unjustified risk just to generate a profit for a specific group of corporations and is contrary to the suggestion that oil and gas wastewater used to mitigate dust or as a de-icer is a beneficial use. This legislation may result in nothing more than an attempt to convert what it is a known wastewater disposal cost to a windfall disposal profit at the expense of the public health and safety.

The use of oil and gas wastewater as a deicer in portable restrooms is a direct conduit for Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM) and Technically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (TENORM) to be discharged to the Waters of the State of Ohio. Additional unknown constituents of oil and gas wastewater are also of great concern for conventional wastewater treatment processes. This legislation is sure to alarm any operator of a treatment plant who must know what constituents or pollutants make up the wastewater profile. Introducing influents of unknown origin and content into municipal, private or semi-public wastewater treatment facilities is not feasible nor responsible. Ohio EPA Operators of Record assume responsibility to control what wastewater comes into and out of the treatment facilities they oversee. Allowing unknown wastewater constituents to enter the treatment process not only threaten the receiving waters used but also threaten the professional licenses and reputations of those municipalities, businesses and Certified Operators who are willingly or unwillingly forced to accept contaminated wastewater into those treatment facilities under their control.

 In closing we ask the chairman and committee to consider the work done by the Ohio Department of Health, the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency and Local Health Departments to improve the safety and standards of Class V injection wells. These same concerns apply to oil and gas wastewater, generally disposed of in Class II injection wells and not suited for surface disposal under less oversight than Class V injection wells. It is not acceptable to allow practices that will increase the reality that Ohio is willing to become the dumping ground for the oil and gas industry. When homeowners take the responsibility to ensure that their Class V injection wells, their septic systems, do not endanger the public health and safety it is reasonable to expect that the generators of oil and gas wastewater do the same. It is up to this committee to protect Ohioans, but this bill will not contribute to that effort.

On behalf of Coshocton Environmental and Community Awareness Inc.,

  Timothy Kettler

A Message from
Attorney Terry Lodge

Friends, I want to tell you the very disturbing news of a new corporate-driven scheme to poison you, your family and your pets with radioactive waste.
    Aqua Salina is a product you can purchase by the gallon at Lowe’s or a hardware store right now. It’s also sold in huge quantities to department of transportation regional garages for use as a de-icer. It’s bottled in the Cleveland area by an owner of several oil and gas wells.  Aqua Salina has been sold for several years.
    It is called "brine," marketed as “ancient sea water;” and it is bottled radioactive waste. Depending on the concentrations of radioactive toxins in this "ancient sea water," it is called "NORM" (naturally-occurring radioactive material) or "TENORM" (technologically-enhanced naturally-occurring radioactive material). Here's a page from the website of the seller and distributor of this poisonous stuff:
    Here's how I know Aqua Salina is radioactive waste.  Scientists at the Ohio Department of Natural Resources - an agency generally viewed as owned by Ohio's oil and gas industry, analyzed Aqua Salina in 2017.  I’ve attached their report. Samples of Aqua Salina bought right off the shelf ranged as high as 500 times background radiation in Radium-226 and -228.  The average of the samples tested by ODNR were 300 times federal drinking water limits for Radium-226.
     Why is any of this significant?  Well, those of you who know me know that I’ve litigated against fracking for years. And I've learned that oil and gas drilling, using fracking pulls enormous amounts of radium to the surface, mostly in liquid form.  Radium-226 is a major radioisotope in the liquid and solid drilling wastes brought to surface to get natural gas and oil. Ra-226 is especially dangerous because unlike a lot of radioactive isotopes, it dissolves readily in water. If you drink water containing Ra-226, the body incorrectly recognizes it is as dissolved calcium and deposits it in bone tissue. Ra-226 is an “alpha particle emitter,” meaning that an atom of it is energetic enough that it will electrically bombard surrounding cell tissues and cause cell mutations.  Cell mutations often become cancers, also called blastomas.  Ra-226 causes bone cancer. In fact, radon gas - radium in gas form - is the second leading cause of lung cancer in the U.S.  We all know the first leading cause of lung cancer is smoking, but few people know that the tobacco plant concentrates Ra-226 as it takes up nutrients from the soil.  Smoking involves inhalation of Radium-226.

    On May 15, 2018, a committee in the Ohio House of Representatives voted House Bill 393 out of committee for a floor vote. HB 393 would prohibit any regulation whatsoever of the sales of “ancient seawater” aka cancer causing brine if the seller makes a one-time paperwork filing showing that this radioactive waste has been approved for use elsewhere. And it has, so the approval by ODNR is a given.

    But this legislation not only would legalize sales of radioactive waste as a commodity; it also would give bulletproof protection to the drilling industry against liability. They already sell fracking waste by the hundreds of thousands, even millions of gallons, for use as a dust control device on hot country roads in the summer, and as a de-icer on highways in the winter.  And for those who don’t understand that they are purchasing radioactive waste, it is used, right now, on residential driveways, patios and sidewalks as a deicer.
     And when people finally wake up to the fact that we're drowning in radioactive deicer and dust control, they will have a huge roadblock to filing suit, courtesy of the Ohio General Assembly. Unless we do something now.

    This is not just a matter of diluting a little radium in a lot of water. It will take roughly 11,000 years, give or take a decade or so, for all the Ra-226 in Aqua Salina being applied today to roads and sidewalks and driveways to disintegrate down to background levels.  And it only takes a few atoms of radium in your drinking water - which, incidentally, cannot for the most part successfully be filtered to remove radium - for the body to deposit Ra-226 in your bone tissues and commence the process of destroying you and your family. So lots and lots of Ra-226 will be washing through Ohio's surface and subsurface water for the next 11,000 years or so, plenty of time to kill and destroy the health and lives of millions.

    The oil and gas industry is eager for HB 393 to pass because fracking creates an enormous amount of liquid and solid waste, most of it radioactive.  And it costs a lot to get rid of it. The frackers don’t like to pay to get rid of radioactive waste if they can get away with poisoning you and your family for free. Indeed, some of them profit, now, from selling it.
    When your city or township or state highway garage buys this stuff for ice control, the recommended spray is 30 to 50 or so gallons per lane/mile. Understand? If you’re driving on a six-lane Ohio Turnpike, there are 180 to 300 gallons sprayed on the roadway per mile.  This radioactive waste then unavoidably washes into streams, wetlands, rivers and lakes. And we all live downstream.
    Attached are the ODNR laboratory results, the Sierra Club testimony against the use of this radioactive waste, and House Bill 393. Don’t be put off by the length of HB 393. Only the underlined part, beginning on page 4/11 of the pdf, is the new change.  You can see for yourself that once a good housekeeping seal of approval is filed with ODNR, the agency is flatly prohibited from regulating this radioactive waste any furthe
    Our political system, once again, contrives to poison and kill us to make a buck - actually, millions of them.

     And while I thank and respect the Sierra Club for its opposition to HB 393, we don’t need “better regulation” or “ODH regulation” of this poisonous radwaste. It should be flatly and completely illegal to sell it as a commodity at all, with serious criminal penalties. We will not consent to a little poisoning. A little poisoning is more than enough to kill.
  Whether we work together to stop this - by initiating local and state laws to neutralize the General Assembly and voting the political thieves, brigands and corporate poisoners out of office and by sitting down and sitting in at the Statehouse - whether any of that happens or not is up to you and me.
Please feel free to pass this message along. How much longer will we let corporations and their hack politicians poison us for profit?